Image Number: 1402042

The first symptom of this bacterial disease is the drooping of one or two leaves which may recover at night. Only half of a leaf may wilt initially. Leaves on one sides of the plant wilt first, while leaves on the other side appear normal. This unilateral wilting is very characteristic. Affected leaves become light green to yellow and occasionally appear scaled. Eventually most or all of the roots become blackened and decay. Infected roots become soft and slimy if adequate water is present. Tan or brown discoloration develops in the vascular tissue just beneath the bark. Pith and cortex also become discolored when involved. Longitudinal sections through affected stalks have narrow, brown lines in the xylem tissue nearest the pith. A slimy substance often oozes from a stalk cut in cross section. If a stalk segment containing discolored vascular tissue is placed in a clear container of water, milky strands stream from the edge of the tissue.
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United States


Kingdom: Monera
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Betaproteobacteria
Order: Burkholderiales
Family: Burkholderiaceae
Genus: Ralstonia
Subject: Ralstonia solanacearum (except Race 3 Biovar 2) (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. 1996


Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Nicotiana
Subject: Nicotiana tabacum (flue-cured type) L.
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Image uploaded:
Sunday, March 10, 2002
Image last updated:
Tuesday, March 15, 2011